10 Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Styrofoam

Samantha Allen
10 Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Styrofoam

Now that New York City has joined Seattle, Portland, and Washington D.C. in banning polystyrene foam—better known as Styrofoam—it looks like the iconic Styrofoam coffee cups and squeaky packing peanuts are going the way of the dinosaurs.

Why Do We Use Styrofoam?

Styrofoam has been a popular material since it was developed in the 1940’s because it’s cheap, lightweight, and disposable. Unfortunately, since Styrofoam is made from polymers, like plastic, this material never breaks down in the landfill.

This is a particularly big problem because research indicates that Styrofoam may be carcinogenic for humans. The good news is that there are plenty of options for cheap, lightweight materials that are better for your health and the environment.

Check out this list of alternatives to Styrofoam items to see what might someday be coming to a coffee shop or mailbox near you!

1. Mushroom Material

Credit: Ecovative Design Credit: Ecovative Design

These materials are grown rather than made. No, seriously—they’re made from mushrooms! Agricultural waste is mixed with mushroom fungus to grow a fully sustainable packaging alternative.

2. Plantable Packaging

Credit: UFP Technologies Credit: UFP Technologies

Are you dissatisfied with the plant-growing properties of your standard packaging materials? I mean, who isn’t, right? Seeds embedded in this fiber board can turn your next mail delivery into a cute window garden.

3. Edible Packing Peanuts

Credit: Alligator Sunglasses Credit: Alligator Sunglasses

Packing peanuts are even more fun when you can eat them. We can’t guarantee they’ll taste great, but since they’re made completely of cornstarch, you don’t have to worry if your pets decide to snack on them.

4. InCycle® Cups

Credit: MicroGREEN, Inc. Credit: MicroGREEN, Inc.

MicroGREEN uses their unique technology to add carbon dioxide to recycled plastics, creating a lightweight, durable plastic that’s easier to recycle and reuse.

5. Bamboo Fiber Eco Bowl

Credit: Nova68 Credit: Nova68

Tom Dixon’s note to customers explains that these bowls are made from powdered bamboo fiber mixed with resin. The note says, “After a long functional life they could retire as a plant pot or simply be composted back to the earth.”

6. EarthAware™ Biodegradeable Packing Materials

Credit: Epoch Times Credit: Epoch Times

It looks like a regular plastic air pouch, but EarthAware™’s packing materials are made with a special type of plastic that can biodegrade in just 5 years. That’s a lot quicker than Styrofoam’s biodegradation date, which is never.

7. EarthShell “Paper” Plates

Credit: Epoch times Credit: Epoch Times

There’s no paper at all in these disposable plates. Instead, rice, potatoes, and limestone could be the future of Central Park picnics.

8. Peat Plastic

Credit: Giz Mag Credit: Giz Mag

Peat is most often used to make gardening pots, Scottish whiskey, and weird smelling fires. But thanks to a Finnish research organization, this cheap and abundant resource can also be made into biodegradable cups and utensils.

9. ecotainer® Cups

Credit: Biomass Packaging Credit: Biomass Packaging

More than 90% of the Styrofoam in New York’s landfills came from food containers like plates, take-out boxes, and disposable cups. These cute ecotainer® cups, made from recycled plants and wood fibers, could easily fill that niche.

10. Loliware Edible Cups

Credit: The Sustainable Leader Credit: The Sustainable Leader

These may not replace your standard “to-go” cup, but we can totally see New Yorkers loving this edible glassware. Made from plant gelatin, these vegan-friendly cups come in flavors that compliment your beverage. They’re also super eco-friendly—whether they break down in a landfill or in your belly.

What’s your favorite Styrofoam alternative? Let us know what you would consider using!